Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) is a technique for inferring the power consumption of each appliance within a home from one central meter, aiding in energy conservation. In this thesis I present several Deep Learning solutions for NILM, starting with two preliminary works – A proof of concept project for multisensory NILM on a Raspberry Pi; and a fully developed NILM solution named WaveNILM. Despite their success, both methods struggled to generalize outside their training data, a common problem in NILM. To improve generalization, I designed a framework for synthesizing truly novel appliance level power signatures based on generative adversarial networks (GAN) – the main project of this thesis. This generator, named PowerGAN, is trained using a variety of GAN techniques. I present a comparison of PowerGAN to other data synthesis work in the context of NILM and demonstrate that PowerGAN is able to create truly synthetic, realistic, diverse, appliance power signatures.
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Thesis advisor: Bajic, Ivan V.
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