This opinion piece centers around challenges involved in developing first- principles electrochemical methods. In recent years, theory and computation have become quintessential tools to navigate the parameter space that controls the activity and stability of electrocatalytic materials and electrochemical devices. Viable methods process as input details on materials structure, composition and reaction conditions. Their output includes metrics for stability and activity, phase diagrams, as well as mechanistic insights on reaction mechanisms and pathways. The core challenge, connecting input to output, is a self-consistency problem that couples the electrode potential to variables for the electronic structure of the solid electrode, solvent properties and ion distributions in the electrolyte as well as specific properties of a boundary region in between. We will discuss a theoretical framework and computational approaches that strive to accomplish this feat.
Mohammad J. Eslamibidgoli, Michael H. Eikerling, Approaching the Self-Consistency Challenge of Electrocatalysis with Theory and Computation, Current Opinion in Electrochemistry (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.coelec.2018.03.038
Current Opinion in Electrochemistry
Approaching the Self-Consistency Challenge of Electrocatalysis with Theory and Computation, Current Opinion in Electrochemistry
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