This research paper reports on the food security status, general household and country food (CF) characteristics of the Kivalliq and Qikiqtaaluk regions in Nunavut. A community-participatory, cross-sectional Inuit Health Survey was conducted among self-identified Inuit adults in the Canadian north in the summer and fall of 2007 and 2008. A total of 1,038 randomly selected households completed a household questionnaire. Food insecurity affected 70.5% of participating Inuit households; 32.2% of households were moderately food insecure and 38.3% were severely food insecure. Households with children reported significantly higher rates of food insecurity (p=0.0056) and severe food insecurity (p=0.0001) compared to households without children. Approximately 65% of Inuit households reported an active hunter, 79% would prefer to eat more CF than they can get, and 54% of households relied on family and friends for CF. Inuit-specific data for Nunavut will inform future monitoring activities and help guide future policies and programs.
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Thesis advisor: Malcoe, Lorraine Halinka
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