(Research Project) M.R.M.
Passenger vehicles are a large and growing source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Policies aimed at inducing technological change in vehicles will likely contribute to curbing emissions. A hybrid energy-economy model of the passenger vehicle sector was built to evaluate policies in reducing emissions, and in particular, increasing the adoption of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). The model is technologically explicit and behaviourally realistic and incorporates drivers of technological change. It was applied to California to assess a tax on GHG emissions, a standard mandating ZEV adoption, a ZEV purchase subsidy and a research and development subsidy for ZEVs. Combinations of these policies were also examined. A standard combined with a tax was found to most cost-effectively reduce emissions and increase ZEV diffusion. The purchase subsidy was least cost-effective. More moderate emission reductions can be achieved with diffusion of ultra low-emission vehicles, but deep reductions will likely require adoption of zero-emission vehicles.
Copyright is held by the author.
The author has not granted permission for the file to be printed nor for the text to be copied and pasted. If you would like a printable copy of this thesis, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Member of collection