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A Cooperative Comeback? A study of the recent return of cooperative housing development in Vancouver through the 3-I's Framework lens.

Resource type
Thesis type
(Project) M.Urb.
Date created
This thesis examines two of the first cooperative housing developments built in Vancouver, British Columbia since a resurgence of development began in 2012. This case study sought to understand what changed to make cooperative housing a viable and attractive development option again after nearly two decades of no development. Utilizing the 3-I's Framework of policy change as a conceptual framework, this research investigates the Ideas, Interests and Institutions related to this recent resurgence, as well as consider the "valence", or attractiveness, of cooperative housing as a policy intervention over time. Through this investigation, I argue that cooperative housing development returned to Vancouver not because it is an inherently more affordable or easier to build and manage non-market housing type, but because it has widespread public approval as a programmatic idea and affordable housing type, and that the attractiveness, or "valence", of co-ops and the influencing impacts of Interests, resulted in the recent resurgence since 2012. This research is situated in the broader context of social and non-market housing development in Canada and builds on the academic literature of the 3-I's Framework of policy change.
103 pages.
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Copyright is held by the author(s).
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes.
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: Zhu, Yushu
Member of collection
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