Research concerning sexual and gender minority inclusion in sport has primarily focused on cisgender heterosexual, gay, lesbian, and bisexual participants. Participation in organized team sport among non-binary youth, particularly in Canada, is understudied. The Understanding Affirming Communities, Relationships and Networks Study surveyed 6495 15-29-year-olds in Canada, including 2513 non-binary (encompassing genderqueer, agender, third gender and trans non-binary) and 1929 cisgender respondents. A smaller proportion of non-binary youth (11%) participate in team sport compared to cisgender youth (18%) (P<0.05). More non-binary youth (62%) have played a sport and then stopped compared to cisgender youth (57%) (P<0.05). The most common reason non-binary youth felt unsafe in sport was discriminatory comments, with >50% witnessing homophobic, transphobic, and/or sexist comments. To ensure the inclusion of non-binary youth in organized team sports, structural and policy changes must be made by organizers, administrators, and coaches.
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Thesis advisor: Salway, Travis
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