Accurately assessing body composition is crucial in identifying health risks associated with high or low levels of body fat. While there are several methods available for measuring fat, some commonly used methods such as skinfold calipers and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) have limitations and may lead to over or underestimation of fat levels due to factors such as skin elasticity and sweat. In contrast, ultrasound imaging provides a more precise and non-invasive approach for analyzing subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness and identifying the exact separation of muscle and fat. With its portability and ease of use, ultrasound is an excellent assessment tool in situations where other methods may not be feasible. Moreover, it avoids the tissue compression and movement that occur with traditional field methods. The purpose of this study is to describe the technical principles of ultrasound and procedures for measuring and analyzing subcutaneous adipose tissue to determine the fat levels in the body.
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