Evaluation of 99mTc-sulfonamide and sulfocoumarin derivatives for imaging carbonic anhydrase IX expression

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With the aim to prepare hypoxia tumor imaging agents, technetium(I) and rhenium(I) tricarbonyl complexes with dipyridylamine (L1 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinylmethyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine; L3 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]- 1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl-methyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine), and iminodiacetate (H2L2 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)- 1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxy-methyl)-glycine; H2L4 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxymethyl)-glycine) ligands appended to sulfonamide or sulfocoumarin carbonic anhydrase inhibitors were synthesized. The Re(I) complexes were characterized using 1H /13C NMR, MS, EA, and in one case the X-ray structure of [Et3NH][Re(CO)3(L2)] was obtained. As expected, the Re coordination geometry is distorted octahedral, with a tridentate iminodiacetate ligand in a fac arrangement dictated by the three strong-field CO ligands. Inhibition studies of human carbonic anhydrases (hCAs) showed that the Re sulfocoumarin derivatives were inactive against hCA-I, -II and -IV, but had moderate affinity for hCA-IX. The Re sulfonamides showed improved affinity against all tested hCAs, with [Re(CO)3(L4)]- being the most active and selective for the hCA-IX isoform. The corresponding 99mTc complexes were synthesized from fac-[99mTc(CO)3(H2O)3]+, purified by HPLC, and obtained with average 41 – 76 % decay-corrected radiochemical yields and with > 99 % radiochemical purity. Uptake in HT-29 tumors at 1 h post-injection was highest for [99mTc(CO)3(L4)]- (0.14 ± 0.10 %ID/g) in comparison to [99mTc(CO)3(L1)]+ (0.06 ± 0.01 %ID/g), [99mTc(CO)3(L2)]- (0.03 ± 0.00 %ID/g), and [99mTc(CO)3(L3)]+ (0.07 ± 0.03 %ID/g). The uptake in tumors was further reduced at 4 h post-injection. For potential imaging application with single photon emission computed tomography, further optimization is needed to improve the affinity to hCA-IX and uptake in hCA-IX expressing tumors.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2018.04.009
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Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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Evaluation of 99mTc-sulfonamide and sulfocoumarin derivatives for imaging carbonic anhydrase IX expression
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