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State-embedded gentrification in China

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Author: Zhu, Yushu
Author: Fu, Qiang
Based on a socio-spatial analysis of the restructuring of Guangzhou, China, from 2000 to 2010, this study explores the spatiality of gentrification. We argue that gentrification processes in Guangzhou are best characterized as state-embedded gentrification, wherein the spatiality of gentrification manifests the spatial selectivity of the hegemonic state. Specifically, Guangzhou presents a pattern of suburban gentrification, coupled with sporadic inner-city gentrification. The city’s spatial pattern of gentrification was shaped by the local state’s spatial selectivity through land-driven development policies, such as administrative annexation, new-zone development, and urban renewal, which were intended to promote industrial upgrading and economic growth. While new-build gentrification was a key form of gentrification, the demographic changes in gentrified neighborhoods in Guangzhou were primarily attributed to the inflows of gentrifiers (especially those in knowledge-oriented or state sectors) instead of the physical displacement of disadvantaged groups. After critically interrogating the applicability and relevance of existing gentrification concepts to Chinese cities, we argue that the concept of state-embedded gentrification helps to articulate the nuanced exercise of state hegemony in gentrification.
The full text of this article will be made available in September 2024 due to the embargo policies of Elsevier.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2022.103926
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State-embedded gentrification in China
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