Good enough to work, good enough to stay: Addressing the impact of Canada's human capital model on permanent residency pathways for 'low-skill' temporary foreign workers

Thesis type
(Project) M.P.P.
Date created
2022-03-29
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
This paper reviews Canada's use of a skills-based determinant system for economic immigration, focusing on admission for the 'best and brightest' candidates. The human capital model has led to disproportionate access to permanent residency pathways for temporary foreign workers classified as low skill, who are often filling critical labour market gaps in essential and in demand sectors of Canada's economy. Through an evidence-based policy analysis, including a jurisdictional scan and expert interviews, three policy options were explored in challenging the human capital model and effectively providing permanent residency opportunities in Canada for temporary foreign workers in low wage positions. Recommendations include the implementation of sector-specific pathways for 'low-skill' temporary foreign workers in critical industries, greater support services and an overhaul of the points-based system to focus on competencies for labour-market driven immigrant selection, balancing abilities and labour market needs with equity and long term societal and economic goals.
Document
Identifier
etd21845
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Permissions
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes.
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: Zhu, Yushu
Language
English
Member of collection
Attachment Size
input_data\22299\etd21845.pdf 2.08 MB