Latent oppositional defiant disorder symptom classes: Longitudinal evidence for severity-based distinctions in a high-risk sample

Author: 
Date created: 
2021-12-06
Identifier: 
etd21853
Keywords: 
Oppositional defiant disorder
Subtypes
Latent class analysis
Longitudinal
Abstract: 

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is characterized by disobedience, irritability, and hostility directed toward authority figures. Evidence suggests that there is an important distinction between the behavioural and affective symptoms of the disorder; however, it is currently unclear whether there are distinct subtypes of ODD. Using data from a high-risk, longitudinal sample from the Fast Track Project (n = 446), latent class analysis was used to examine latent classes of youth based on parent-reported ODD symptom criteria, separately at four different time points (grades 3, 6, 9, and 12). Three-class solutions were supported in all grades, with latent classes representing youth with Low (69.55-78.17% across grades), Moderate (14.52-23.24%), and High (3.53-9.03%) probabilities of parent-reported ODD symptoms. Tests of measurement invariance revealed some differences in the structure of latent classes across certain time points. Demographic variables, including race and initial levels of risk for conduct problems, significantly predicted latent class membership. The findings do not support the existence of ODD subtypes and suggest that symptom severity may be more important for distinguishing youth with ODD symptoms. More person-centered research is required to understand how the disorder presents across development.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Robert McMahon
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) Ph.D.
Statistics: