Task-phase fMRI in detection of improvements in working memory post-interventions for carotid stenosis and early Alzheimer’s disease

Author: 
Date created: 
2021-09-24
Identifier: 
etd21672
Keywords: 
Alzheimer's disease
BOLD-fMRI
Brain changes
Carotid stenosis
Task-phase fMRI
Working memory
Abstract: 

Working memory allows for coordination of complex goal-driven behavior. Decline of working memory is linked to severe cognitive disabilities and is an important feature of both severe carotid stenosis and Alzheimer's disease. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) can help detect functional brain changes for the evaluation of the impact of standard clinical interventions for both diagnoses. This thesis used fMRI, coupled with cognitive tasks to investigate possible working memory improvements post-standard clinical interventions for both conditions. The study observed post-intervention improvements in task-phase fMRI brain activation patterns together with improvements in task performance. Meanwhile, patients demonstrated complex response patterns associated with disease expression and other individual variability, which were considered with results interpretation. This thesis showed that working memory improvements were possible following standard clinical treatments for both conditions. It also supports for tailoring interventions based on patient peculiarities to maximize treatment effectiveness.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Sam Doesburg
Department: 
Science: Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.
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