Balkanization of identity: Rebuilding fragmented identities through narratives

Author: 
Date created: 
2021-05-25
Identifier: 
etd21422
Keywords: 
Identity
Trauma
Intergenerational trauma
Diaspora
Narratives
Yugoslavia
Abstract: 

Despite extensive research on the politics of war and Yugoslav refugees during the civil war, there has been scant research on identity building in their children. I present the term, “balkanization of identity” to conceptualize experiences of 1.5 generation Balkan women in diaspora. This describes the fragmentation of identity through violence and/or trauma. In this population, this primarily occurs through transgenerational trauma, patriarchal violence, and migration. Women have long been silenced in collective narratives and national identity-building in the Balkans. Yugoslav feminists have used the re-appropriation of gendered oral traditions as resistance against patriarchal violence. Following their tradition and that of narrative therapy, narrative inquiry was used as a methodology. Transcription was guided by the feminist methodology, the Listening Guide, and data analysis followed the Thematic Content Analysis Method. Findings suggest that for this population, identity is relational and transgenerational, rooted in history and politics, and dynamic and uncertain.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Alanaise Goodwill
Department: 
Education: Faculty of Education
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.
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