The Role of Life Satisfaction in Predicting Youth Violence and Offending: A Prospective Examination

Resource type
Date created
2018-10-13
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
Life satisfaction in adolescence has been shown to protect against numerous negative outcomes (e.g., substance use, sexual risk-taking), but limited work has directly explored the relationship between life satisfaction and youth violence and offending. As such, we conducted a prospective assessment to explore this relationship among community (n = 334) and at-risk youth (n = 99). Findings suggest life satisfaction is significantly associated with decreased offending and violence within both samples and adds incremental value above established risk factors in predicting violent and total offending among community youth. Furthermore, moderation analyses indicate that the protective value of life satisfaction is greater for youth with high callous–unemotional traits. Mediation analyses suggest that youth who are unsatisfied with their lives may seek out substance use, in turn elevating risk of offending. Together, these findings indicate that efforts to improve overall life satisfaction may help prevent adolescent offending. However, future research is needed.
Document
Identifier
DOI: 10.1177/0886260518805103
Published as
Hanniball, K. B., Viljoen, J. L., Shaffer, C. S., Bhatt, G., Tweed, R., Aknin, L. B., Gagnon, N., Douglas, K. S., & Dooley, S. (0). The Role of Life Satisfaction in Predicting Youth Violence and Offending: A Prospective Examination. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 0886260518805103. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518805103.
Publication title
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Document title
The Role of Life Satisfaction in Predicting Youth Violence and Offending: A Prospective Examination
Publisher
Sage Journals
Volume
0
Issue
0
First page
1
Last page
26
Publisher DOI
10.1177/0886260518805103
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection