Efficient cell-to-cell transfer of Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) requires the proper formation of actin-rich membrane protrusions. To date, only the host proteins ezrin, the binding partner of ezrin, CD44, as well as cyclophilin A (CypA) have been identified as crucial components for L. monocytogenes membrane protrusion stabilization and, thus, efficient cell-to-cell movement of the microbes. Here, we examine the classical binding partner of CypA, CD147, and find that this membrane protein is also hijacked by the bacteria for their cellular dissemination. CD147 is enriched at the plasma membrane surrounding the membrane protrusions as well as the resulting invaginations generated in neighboring cells. In cells depleted of CD147, these actin-rich structures appear similar to those generated in CypA depleted cells as they are significantly shorter and more contorted as compared to their straighter counterparts formed in wild-type control cells. The presence of malformed membrane protrusions hampers the ability of L. monocytogenes to efficiently disseminate from CD147-depleted cells. Our findings uncover another important host protein needed for L. monocytogenes membrane protrusion formation and efficient microbial dissemination.
Dhanda, A.S., Lulic, K.T., Yu, C. et al. Listeria monocytogenes hijacks CD147 to ensure proper membrane protrusion formation and efficient bacterial dissemination. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 76, 4165–4178 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-019-03130-4.
Cell. Mol. Life Sci.
Listeria Monocytogenes Hijacks CD147 to Ensure Proper Membrane Protrusion Formation and Efficient Bacterial Dissemination
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