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Is depression a risk factor for adolescent offending? A meta-analytic review

Resource type
Thesis type
(Thesis) M.A.
Date created
2020-04-17
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
The literature is mixed about whether depression is a risk or protective factor for violence and general offending in adolescents. A meta-analytic review was conducted on 29 studies reporting on 27 unique prospective samples, with a total of 97,316 participants. The majority of samples were community (non-offender) or population samples (77.8%, k = 21), with a smaller proportion being justice-involved (e.g., incarcerated, probation, or history of arrest) samples (22.2%, k = 6). Overall, depression was associated with an increased risk for general offending (OR = 1.58, p < .001), and violent offending (OR = 1.45, p < .001). For community adolescents, depression was a significant risk factor for general offending; however, in justice-involved youth depression was not a significant risk factor. Gender, study quality, publication year, and country of publication did not moderate any of the results.
Document
Identifier
etd20848
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author.
Permissions
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes.
Scholarly level
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: Viljoen, Jodi L.
Member of collection
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etd20848.pdf 1.1 MB

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