Covalent Surface Modification of Silicon Oxides with Alcohols in Polar Aprotic Solvents

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Alcohol based monolayers were successfully formed on the surfaces of silicon oxides through reaction performed in polar aprotic solvents. Monolayers prepared from alcohol based reagents have been previously introduced as an alternative approach to covalently modify the surfaces of silicon oxides. These reagents are readily available, widely distributed, and are minimally susceptible to side reactions with ambient moisture. A limitation of using alcohol based compounds is that previous reactions required relatively high temperatures in neat solutions, which can degrade some alcohol compounds or could lead to other unwanted side reactions during the formation of the monolayers. To overcome these challenges, we investigate the condensation reaction for alcohols on silicon oxides carried out in polar aprotic solvents. In particular, propylene carbonate has been identified as a polar aprotic solvent that is relatively non-toxic, readily accessible, and can facilitate the formation of alcohol based monolayers. We have successfully demonstrated tuning the surface chemistry of silicon oxide surfaces with a variety of alcohol containing compounds. The strategy introduced in this research can be utilized to create silicon oxide surfaces with hydrophobic, oleophobic, or charged functionalities.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b00820
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Covalent Surface Modification of Silicon Oxides with Alcohols in Polar Aprotic Solvents. Lee, A.W.H.; Gates, B.D., Langmuir, 2017, 33 (35), 8707-8715.
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