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Parenting without physical punishment

Date created
2015
Authors/Contributors
Author: Schwartz, C.
Author: Waddell, C.
Author: Barican, J.
Author: Andres, C.
Abstract
Background: Most parents use effective disciplinary strategies, such as modelling positive behaviours and setting age-appropriate expectations. Still, some parents resort to using physical punishment despite it being linked to problematic outcomes, such as injuries and emotional problems for children.Methods: We used systematic review methods to identify randomized control trials (RCTs) evaluating parenting interventions with outcomes that included parents’ use of physical punishment and children’s wellbeing. Applying our inclusion criteria to the 48 studies identified from our searches, we accepted five RCTs evaluating three parenting programs.Results: Our review found Chicago Parent Program and Incredible Years reduced physical punishment and other problematic forms of discipline and also enhanced positive parenting. As well, both programs resulted in improved mental health outcomes for children, including reductions in behaviour problems.Conclusions: This review finds that parents can be taught effective alternatives to physically punishing children. Investments in effective parenting programs can have produce long term benefits including advancing children’s wellbeing and safety.
Document
Published as
Schwartz, C., Waddell, C., Barican, J., Andres, C., & Gray-Grant, D. (2015). Parenting without physical punishment. Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly, 9(1), 1–16. Vancouver, BC: Children’s Health Policy Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University.https://childhealthpolicy.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/RQ-9-15-Winter.pdf
Publication title
Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly
Document title
Parenting without physical punishment
Publisher
Vancouver, BC: Children’s Health Policy Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
Date
2015
Volume
9
Issue
1
First page
1
Last page
16
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Permissions
You are free to copy, distribute and transmit this work under the following conditions: You must give attribution to the work (but not in any way that suggests that the author endorses you or your use of the work); You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
No
Language
English
Download file Size
RQ-9-15-Winter.pdf 798.35 KB

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