Evidence for Proactive and Reactive Helping in Two- To Five-Year-Olds from A Small-Scale Society

Resource type
Date created
2017-11-15
Authors/Contributors
Author: Aime, Hilary
Author: Aknin, Lara
Abstract
Humans are unique in their propensity for helping. Not only do we help others in need by reacting to their requests, we also help proactively by assisting in the absence of a request. Proactive helping requires the actor to detect the need for help, recognize the intention of the other, and remedy the situation. Very little is known about the development of this social phenomenon beyond an urban, industrialized setting. We examined helping in nineteen two- to five-year old children in small-scale rural villages of Vanuatu. In the experimental condition, the intentions of the experimenter were made salient, whereas in the control condition they were ambiguous. Children helped more often in the experimental compared to the control condition, suggesting that the propensity to monitor others’ goals and act accordingly can be detected in different cultural contexts.
Document
Published as
Aime H, Broesch T, Aknin LB, Warneken F (2017) Evidence for proactive and reactive helping in two- to five-year-olds from a small-scale society. PLoS ONE 12(11): e0187787. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187787.
Publication title
PLos ONE
Document title
Evidence for proactive and reactive helping in two- to five-year-olds from a small-scale society
Date
2017
Volume
12
Issue
11
Publisher DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0187787
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection
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journal.pone_.0187787.pdf 845.64 KB