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Failure of Luminance-Redness Correlation for Illuminant Estimation

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Author: Funt, Brian
We investigate the hypothesis, recently published in Nature, that the human visual system may use some sort of luminance-redness correlation2 together with the scene average for illuminant estimation. We found this idea interesting but not thoroughly tested. In particular, tests on real images were limited to scenes made up artificially from hyperspectral data,4 spectral power distributions of various daylight illuminants, and the human cone sensitivity functions. The Ruderman database4 of hyperspectral images is also quite peculiar because it consists of a small number of images of mostly foliage. Our experiments show that for scenes composed from a more diversified hyperspectral database combined with real illuminant spectra, the predicted correlation turns out to be very weak. For actual digital camera images, the luminance-redness correlation fails completely.
Presented at the CIC 2004 IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Nov. 2004.
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Funt, B., Ghaffari, R., and Bastani, B., "Optimal Linear RGB-to-XYZ Mapping for Color Display Calibration," Proc. Twelfth IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference: Color Science, Systems & Applications, Scottsdale, AZ. Nov. 2004.
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