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In-situ measurement of the jet energy scale and studies of jet structure at ATLAS

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Thesis type
(Thesis) Ph.D.
Date created
This thesis presents results for the determination of the ATLAS jet energy scale (JES) using the Missing $E_{\mathrm T}$ Projecting Fraction (MPF) method along with studies to better understand and validate the MPF. Hadronic jets are the most commonly observed objects in proton-proton collisions, and are therefore a part of most final states for processes which are studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The abundance of jets makes a precise knowledge of the JES essential to the success of the ATLAS physics program. This thesis uses the MPF in events where either a photon or a Z boson is produced back-to-back with a jet to provide an uncertainty on the response of the calorimeter which is below 1\% for jets between 30 GeV and 1 TeV. Studies measuring the impact of the underlying event on the MPF's ability to measure the response of the hadronic recoil are also presented, which validate the previously held assumption that the MPF is insensitive to these effects. In addition, studies into the relation between the measured recoil response and the desired jet response are presented. This includes measures of the flow of energy across the jet boundary during the showering process and the effect on the total measured response of low energy/low response particles near the fringe of the recoil. These measurements show up to a 10% difference between the jet response and the recoil response for jets reconstructed with the anti-k_t algorithm with midrange size parameters (0.4-0.7). These differences however show little dependence on physics modeling choices (less than 1%), on which the Monte Carlo jet calibration is based. These results put the MPF technique on a firmer ground, and they will reduce future JES uncertainties for jets with energies below 100 GeV.
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Copyright is held by the author.
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes.
Scholarly level
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: Vetterli, Michel
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etd10516_AHorton.pdf 7.58 MB

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