Helmet Use Among Personal Bicycle Riders and Bike Share Users in Vancouver, BC

Resource type
Date created
2017-10-01
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
Introduction: Public bike share users have low prevalence of helmet use, and few public bike share systems make helmets available. In summer 2016, a public bike share system launched in Vancouver, BC. Each bicycle is equipped with a free helmet, in response to BC's all-ages compulsory helmet law. This study assessed the prevalence of helmet use among adult cyclists on personal and public bicycles in Vancouver.Methods: A survey of adult cyclists (age estimated at ≥16 years) at five screen line sites and at 15 public bike share docking stations was conducted. Observations were made on fair weather days in 2016. Observers recorded the gender of the rider, bicycle type, helmet use, and helmet type. In 2016, multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate the odds of helmet use by personal and trip characteristics.Results: Observers conducted 87.5 hours of observation and recorded 11,101 cyclists. They observed 10,704 (96.4%) cyclists on personal bicycles and 397 (3.6%) public bicycle users. Overall, the prevalence of helmet use was 78.1% (n=8,670/11,101), higher for personal bicycle riders (78.6%, n=8,416/10,704) than bike share users (64.0%, n=254/397). Helmet use was associated with gender, bicycle facility type, and day and time of travel.Conclusions: In a city with all-ages helmet legislation, helmet use is high but differs across infrastructure types and cyclist characteristics. Bike share systems could increase helmet use by providing complementary helmets coupled with supportive measures.
Document
Identifier
DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.013
Published as
Zanotto, M., & Winters, M. L. (2017). Helmet use among personal bicycle riders and bike share users in Vancouver, BC. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 53(4), 465-472.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.013
Publication title
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Document title
Helmet Use Among Personal Bicycle Riders and Bike Share Users in Vancouver, BC
Date
2017
Volume
53
Issue
4
First page
465
Last page
472
Publisher DOI
10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.013
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection
Attachment Size
zanotto_ajpm_helmetobservations.pdf 823.31 KB