Canada's Wild Salmon Policy: an Assessment of Conservation Progress

Resource type
Date created
2017-08-21
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
Canada’s Policy for Conservation of Wild Pacific Salmon has been heralded as a transformative approach to the management of wild salmon whereby conservation is the highest priority. Given that changes to the Policy are under consideration, it is timely that we understand whether our state of knowledge and the status of wild salmon in Canada have indeed improved after its adoption in 2005. To answer these questions, we used two indices of improvement: (i) monitoring effort and (ii) abundance of spawning adults. Our results, based on data for all species from British Columbia’s north and central coasts, show that monitoring effort has continued to erode, abundance of spawning adults has significantly declined for several species, the status of many salmon Conservation Units are in zones of concern, and 42% of the Conservation Units that we assessed as Red (threatened) would have improved in status had the Canadian fishery been reduced. We conclude with recommendations to help improve our knowledge of the status of salmon and enable a robust and successfully implemented Wild Salmon Policy for the future.
Document
Published as
Price, M.H.H., English, K.K., Rosenberger, A.G.G., MacDuffee, M., and Reynolds, J.D. 2017. Canada’s Wild Salmon Policy: An Assessment of Conservation Progress in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 74: 1507–1518.
Publication title
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Document title
Canada's Wild Salmon Policy: an Assessment of Conservation Progress
Date
2017
First page
1507
Last page
1518
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection