Risk and Protective Factors for Recidivism Among Juveniles who have Offended Sexually

Resource type
Date created
2013
Authors/Contributors
Author: Spice, A.
Author: Ullman, D.
Abstract
Literature on risk factors for recidivism among juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs) is limited. In addition, there have been no studies published concerning protective factors among this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of risk and protective factors to sexual and nonsexual recidivism among a sample of 193 male JSOs (mean age = 15.26). Youth were followed for an average of 7.24 years following discharge from a residential sex offender treatment program. The risk factor opportunities to reoffend, as coded based on the ERASOR (Worling & Curwen, 2001), was associated with sexual recidivism. Several risk factors (e.g., prior offending; peer delinquency) were associated with nonsexual recidivism. No protective factors examined were associated with sexual recidivism, although strong attachments and bonds as measured by the SAVRY (Borum et al., 2006) was negatively related to nonsexual recidivism. These findings indicate that risk factors for nonsexual recidivism may be consistent across both general adolescent offender populations and JSOs, but that there may be distinct protective factors that apply to sexual recidivism among JSOs. Results also indicate important needs for further research on risk factors, protective factors, and risk management strategies for JSOs.
Document
Published as
Spice, A., Viljoen, J.L., Latzman, N.E., Scalora, M.J., & Ullman, D. (2013). Risk and protective factors for recidivism among juveniles who have offended sexually. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 25(4), 347-369. doi:10.1177/1079063212459086
Publication title
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment
Document title
Risk and Protective Factors for Recidivism Among Juveniles who have Offended Sexually
Date
2013
Volume
25
Issue
4
First page
347
Last page
369
Publisher DOI
10.1177/1079063212459086
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection