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Outbound Medical Tourism from Mongolia: a Qualitative Examination of Proposed Domestic Health System and Policy Responses to this Trend

Resource type
Date created
2015
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
Background: Medical tourism is the practice of traveling across international boundaries in order to access medical care. Residents of low-to-middle income countries with strained or inadequate health systems have long traveled to other countries in order to access procedures not available in their home countries and to take advantage of higher quality care elsewhere. In Mongolia, for example, residents are traveling to China, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, and other countries for care. As a result of this practice, there are concerns that travel abroad from Mongolia and other countries risks impoverishing patients and their families. Methods: In this paper, we present findings from 15 interviews with Mongolian medical tourism stakeholders about the impacts of, causes of, and responses to outbound medical tourism. These findings were developed using a case study methodology that also relied on tours of health care facilities and informal discussions with citizens and other stakeholders during April, 2012. Results: Based on these findings, health policy changes are needed to address the outflow of Mongolian medical tourists. Key areas for reform include increasing funding for the Mongolian health system and enhancing the efficient use of these funds, improving training opportunities and incentives for health workers, altering the local culture of care to be more supportive of patients, and addressing concerns of corruption and favouritism in the health system. Conclusions: While these findings are specific to the Mongolian health system, other low-to-middle income countries experiencing outbound medical tourism will benefit from consideration of how these findings apply to their own contexts. As medical tourism is increasing in visibility globally, continued research on its impacts and context-specific policy responses are needed.
Document
Published as
Snyder et al. Outbound Medical Tourism from Mongolia: a Qualitative Examination of Proposed Domestic Health System and Policy Responses to this Trend. BMC Health Services Research(2015) 15:187 DOI 10.1186/s12913-015-0849-5
Publication title
BMC Health Services Research
Document title
Outbound Medical Tourism from Mongolia: a Qualitative Examination of Proposed Domestic Health System and Policy Responses to this Trend
Date
2015
Volume
15
Issue
187
Publisher DOI
10.1186/s12913-015-0849-5
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
English
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8-Snyder.pdf 371.17 KB

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