Relating self-discrepancy to self-esteem: The contribution of discrepancy beyond acutal-self ratings

Resource type
Date created
1990
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
Investigated whether discrepancy scores derived from an idiographic measure of the actual self (AS) and ideal self (IS) are significant predictors of global self-esteem (SE). 41 university students completed (1) a nomothetically based measure that assessed actual–ideal (AI) discrepancy on a standard set of personality characteristics and (2) an idiographically based measure that assessed AI discrepancy between Ss' self-nominated AS and IS attributes. The relation between AI discrepancy on the nomothetic measure and SE was not significant when the variance due to AS ratings was statistically held constant. The relation between AI discrepancy on the idiographic measure and SE was significant even when variance due to the positivity of AS attributes was statistically held constant. Findings underscore the importance of an idiographic approach to evaluating AI discrepancy.
Published as
Moretti, M. M., & Higgins, E. T. (1990). Relating self-discrepancy to self-esteem: The contribution of discrepancy beyond acutal-self ratings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 26(2), 108-123. doi:10.1016/0022-1031(90)90071-S NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 26(2), 108-123. doi:10.1016/0022-1031(90)90071-S http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-experimental-social-psychology/
Publication details
Publication title
ournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Document title
Relating self-discrepancy to self-esteem: The contribution of discrepancy beyond acutal-self ratings
Publisher
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Date
1990
Volume
26
Issue
2
First page
108
Last page
123
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Copyright is held by the author(s).
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You are free to copy, distribute and transmit this work under the following conditions: You must give attribution to the work (but not in any way that suggests that the author endorses you or your use of the work); You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
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