Investigated whether discrepancy scores derived from an idiographic measure of the actual self (AS) and ideal self (IS) are significant predictors of global self-esteem (SE). 41 university students completed (1) a nomothetically based measure that assessed actual–ideal (AI) discrepancy on a standard set of personality characteristics and (2) an idiographically based measure that assessed AI discrepancy between Ss' self-nominated AS and IS attributes. The relation between AI discrepancy on the nomothetic measure and SE was not significant when the variance due to AS ratings was statistically held constant. The relation between AI discrepancy on the idiographic measure and SE was significant even when variance due to the positivity of AS attributes was statistically held constant. Findings underscore the importance of an idiographic approach to evaluating AI discrepancy.
Moretti, M. M., & Higgins, E. T. (1990). Relating self-discrepancy to self-esteem: The contribution of discrepancy beyond acutal-self ratings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 26(2), 108-123. doi:10.1016/0022-1031(90)90071-S NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 26(2), 108-123. doi:10.1016/0022-1031(90)90071-S http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-experimental-social-psychology/
ournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Relating self-discrepancy to self-esteem: The contribution of discrepancy beyond acutal-self ratings
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
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