An inner audience is an internal representation of other's values, goals, and standards for the self (other standpoint on self). It contrasts with an internal representation of one's own values, goals, and standards for the self (own standpoint on self). Using self-discrepancy theory (E. T. Higgins, see record 1987-34444-001) as a framework to integrate diverse psychological perspectives on this classic distinction, the authors consider the role of own versus other standpoints in self-regulation. They describe developmental shifts and socialization effects on the self-regulatory strength of own and other standpoints. Evidence that individual differences and sex differences in own versus other standpoints for self-regulation relate to different affective and interpersonal vulnerabilities is reviewed. The concepts of identification and introjection are empirically distinguished in a novel way, and therapeutic implications are discussed.
Moretti, M. M., & Higgins, E. T. (1999). Own versus other standpoints in self-regulation: Developmental antecedents and functional consequences. Review of General Psychology, 3(3), 188-223. doi:10.1037/1089-26184.108.40.206 This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=1999-03700-003
Review of General Psychology
Own versus other standpoints in self-regulation: Developmental antecedents and functional consequences
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