Exposure to maternal versus paternal partner violence, PTSD and aggression in adolescent girls and boys

Resource type
Date created
2006
Authors/Contributors
Author: Obsuth, I.
Author: Odgers, C.
Author: Reebye, P.
Abstract
Adolescents who witness interparental violence (IPV) are at increased risk for perpetrating aggressive acts. They are also at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this study, we examined the relation between exposure to maternal vs. paternal physical IPV and adolescent girls' and boys' aggressive behavior toward mothers, fathers, friends, and romantic partners. We also assessed the influence of PTSD (as assessed by the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-IV (DICA-IV)) on the relation between exposure to IPV and aggressive behavior. Participants were 63 girls and 49 boys, ages 13-18, consecutively admitted to a youth correctional facility or assessment facility designated to serve aggressive and delinquent youth. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate unique relations between exposure to maternal vs. paternal IPV and youth aggression in relationships. Girls who observed their mothers' aggressive behavior toward partners were significantly more aggressive toward friends. Similarly, boys who witnessed their fathers' aggression were significantly more aggressive toward friends. Adolescent girls and boys who observed aggression by mothers toward partners reported significantly higher levels of aggression toward their romantic partners. Approximately one third of our sample met PTSD criteria; the relation between exposure to parental IPV and aggression was stronger for individuals who met criteria for PTSD. The implications of understanding the relations between parents' and their daughters' and sons' use of aggression are discussed within the context of providing support for families in breaking intergenerational patterns of violence and aggression.
Document
Published as
This is the accepted version of the following article: Moretti, M. M., Obsuth, I., Odgers, C. L., & Reebye, P. (2006). Exposure to maternal versus paternal partner violence, PTSD and aggression in adolescent girls and boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32(4), 385-395. doi:10.1002/ab.20137, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ab.20137/epdf
Publication title
Aggressive Behavior
Document title
Exposure to maternal versus paternal partner violence, PTSD and aggression in adolescent girls and boys
Publisher
Wiley Online Library
Date
2006
Volume
32
Issue
4
First page
385
Last page
395
Publisher DOI
doi:10.1002/ab.20137
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Permissions
You are free to copy, distribute and transmit this work under the following conditions: You must give attribution to the work (but not in any way that suggests that the author endorses you or your use of the work); You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection