The roles of affect dysregulation and deficient affect in youth violence

Resource type
Date created
2010
Authors/Contributors
Author: Penney, S.
Abstract
Children with high dysregulated affect experience a range of emotional and behavioral problems, including aggression, delinquency, and low levels of prosocial behavior. Alongside this research, the psychopathy literature suggests that abnormally low levels of affect and emotional reactivity are associated with aggression and violence. The current study builds on prior research in the fields of affect regulation and psychopathy by testing the effects of affect dysregulation and deficient affect in predicting aggression and antisociality in 179 high-risk youth. Using structural equation modeling, results suggest that affect dysregulation and deficient affect are separate risk factors for aggression, as both constructs contributed independently to aggression while showing marginal relations with one another. Features of deficient affect, but not dysregulation, were robust predictors of violent and nonviolent offending. We discuss the importance of recognizing that diverse risk factors may lead to similar outcomes and highlight the heterogeneity in risk factors underlying aggressive behaviors.
Document
Published as
Penney, S. R., & Moretti, M. M. (2010). The roles of affect dysregulation and deficient affect in youth violence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37(6), 709-731. doi:10.1177/0093854810365446 http://cjb.sagepub.com/content/37/6/709.full.pdf+html
Publication title
Criminal Justice and Behavior
Document title
The roles of affect dysregulation and deficient affect in youth violence
Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Date
2010
Volume
37
Issue
6
First page
709
Last page
731
Publisher DOI
10.1177/0093854810365446
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author(s).
Permissions
You are free to copy, distribute and transmit this work under the following conditions: You must give attribution to the work (but not in any way that suggests that the author endorses you or your use of the work); You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
Language
Member of collection