Cognitive-Behavioral Phenotypes of Williams Syndrome Are Associated With Genetic Variation in the GTF2I Gene, In a Healthy Population

Resource type
Date created
2014
Authors/Contributors
Author: Hurd, Peter
Abstract
BackgroundIndividuals with Williams syndrome, a neurogenetic condition caused by deletion of a set of genes at chromosomal location 7q11.23, exhibit a remarkable suite of traits including hypersociality with high, nonselective friendliness and low social anxiety, expressive language relatively well-developed but under-developed social-communication skills overall, and reduced visual-spatial abilities. Deletions and duplications of the Williams-syndrome region have also been associated with autism, and with schizophrenia, two disorders centrally involving social cognition. Several lines of evidence have linked the gene GTF2I (General Transcription Factor IIi) with the social phenotypes of Williams syndrome, but a role for this gene in sociality within healthy populations has yet to be investigated.ResultsWe genotyped a large set of healthy individuals for two single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the GTF2I gene that have recently been significantly associated with autism, and thus apparently exhibit functional effects on autism-related social phenotypes. GTF2I genotypes for these SNPs showed highly significant association with low social anxiety combined with reduced social-communication abilities, which represents a metric of the Williams-syndrome cognitive profile as described from previous studies.ConclusionsThese findings implicate the GTF2I gene in the neurogenetic basis of social communication and social anxiety, both in Williams syndrome and among individuals in healthy populations.
Document
Published as
Crespi and Hurd
BMC Neuroscience
2014,
15
:127
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2202/15/127
Publication title
BMC Neuroscience
Document title
Cognitive-Behavioral Phenotypes of Williams Syndrome Are Associated With Genetic Variation in the GTF2I Gene, In a Healthy Population
Date
2014
Volume
15
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Copyright is held by the author(s).
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Yes
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