Silicon-based quantum information processing devices show great promise, being one of the most advanced candidates for the basis of the quantum computer. The spin state of phosphorus atoms in isotopic silicon has been demonstrated to have the longest solid-state coherence times. In this thesis, I describe experiments characterizing the other group-V shallow donors arsenic and antimony in silicon, in the context of developing quantum information processing technology. A sample of isotopic silicon containing these dopants was commissioned. I report here the results of photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and pulsed NMR experiments. I found that antimony is not a suitable candidate in this context by virtue of being unpolarizable by our technique; however, arsenic is sufficiently polarizable. I report a measured coherence time of 2.0 s for the neutral arsenic nuclear spin.
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Thesis advisor: Thewalt, Michael
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