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A clear threat to conservation: using public policy to reduce bird collisions with windows in homes

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Over the past 40 years in North America, more than 40 species of migratory birds have seen population declines in excess of 50%. A significant source of migratory bird mortality is collisions with the windows of single and semi-detached homes, which result in an estimated 15.8 million to 30.5 million deaths annually in Canada. The federal government, who has jurisdiction over migratory birds and a legislative obligation to protect them, has not publicly outlined a strategy to address this source of mortality. By conducting a willingness to pay survey, this research seeks to understand how Canadians value reducing bird-window collisions with their homes. Using this data, in combination with elite interviews and a literature review, alternative policies are assessed. It is recommended that the federal government undertake a public information campaign, seek partnerships with municipalities, and assist in the development of bird-friendly design criteria for willing home certification programs.
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