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Making choices in multi-dimensional parameter spaces

Resource type
Thesis type
(Thesis) Ph.D.
Date created
Visualization techniques are key to leveraging human experience, knowledge, and intuition when establishing a connection between computational models and real world systems. At this interface my dissertation enables effective choices of parameter configurations for different levels of user involvement. Based on a characterization of several domains of computer experimentation that include a model of biological aggregations, image segmentation methods, and rendering algorithms, I derive a set of requirements to propose Paraglide - a framework for user-driven analysis of parameter effects. One outcome of the workflow I suggest is a partitioning of the continuous space of model configurations into distinct regions of homogenous system behaviour. To facilitate progressive exploration of a parameter region, I develop a space-filling sampling method by constructing point lattices that contain rotated and scaled versions of themselves. All levels of resolution share a single type of Voronoi polytope, whose volume grows independently of the dimensionality by a chosen integer factor as low as 2. To optimize rendering time while ensuring image quality when viewing data in a 3-dimensional volume, I perform a Fourier domain analysis of the effect of composing two functions. Based on this, I relax a previous lower bound for a sufficient sampling frequency and apply it to adaptively choose the numerical integration step size in raycasting. By assigning optical properties to data using a spectral light model, it becomes possible to improve physical realism and to create colour effects that scale the level of distinguishable detail in a visualization. To help modellers to cope with the freedom in a large design space of synthetic lights and materials, I devise a method that generates a palette of presets that globally optimize user-specified criteria and regularization. This is augmented with two alternative user interfaces to unobtrusively choose a desired mixture.
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Scholarly level
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: Moller, Torsten
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etd7005_SBergner.pdf 7.28 MB

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