Mandates in motion: exploring judicial decisions to incarcerate youth under the YCJA

Resource type
Thesis type
(Thesis) M.A.
Date created
The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), implemented April 1, 2003, was considered a remedy to the flawed Young Offenders Act (YOA). Canada, once claiming the unenviable distinction as a world leader in youth incarceration rates, sought to reduce the rate of custodial sentences with the new legislation by implementing clear principles as well as the “four gateways” to custody, as articulated in s. 38 and s. 39 of the Act. The purpose of this thesis is to explore how judges have been applying the law when electing a custodial sentence for young offenders. A case-law analysis of 87 court cases is employed. The research reveals a lack of conformity among judges in making the decision to incarcerate youth. Among the issues considered are the various themes surrounding custodial sentences, the reasons for variability in sentencing, and the prospective amendments to the YCJA that are to come.
Copyright statement
Copyright is held by the author.
The author granted permission for the file to be printed and for the text to be copied and pasted.
Scholarly level
Supervisor or Senior Supervisor
Thesis advisor: MacAlister, David
Member of collection
Download file Size
etd6628_MWittes.pdf 1.11 MB

Views & downloads - as of June 2023

Views: 88
Downloads: 0