Author: Willey, Keith Elliott
The constitution of the United Kingdom has gone through a period of dramatic change since 1997. Reform has affected almost every aspect of government and governance; from devolution, and reform of the upper house, to freedom of information, independence of the Bank of England, and the introduction of the Human Rights Act. Despite its breadth and depth, much of the reform has been piecemeal and lacking an overarching vision. This paper evaluates three key areas of the new constitution: the English question within the devolution settlement, reform of the House of Lords, and finally the question of electoral reform for the House of Commons and other democratic institutions. It analyses the impacts of changes made and offers ways forward that use existing institutional structures within municipal government to devolve power in England, further legitimize and democratize the House of Lords, and proposes further electoral reform.
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