Background: The Atlantic salmon genome is in the process of returning to a diploid state after undergoing awhole genome duplication (WGD) event between 25 and100 million years ago. Existing data on the proportion ofparalogous sequence variants (PSVs), multisite variants (MSVs) and other types of complex sequence variationsuggest that the rediplodization phase is far from over. The aims of this study were to construct a high densitylinkage map for Atlantic salmon, to characterize the extent of rediploidization and to improve our understandingof genetic differences between sexes in this species.Results: A linkage map for Atlantic salmon comprising 29 chromosomes and 5650 single nucleotidepolymorphisms (SNPs) was constructed using genotyping data from 3297 fish belonging to 143 families. Of these,2696 SNPs were generated from ESTs or other gene associated sequences. Homeologous chromosomal regionswere identified through the mapping of duplicated SNPs and through the investigation of syntenic relationshipsbetween Atlantic salmon and the reference genome sequence of the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteusaculeatus). The sex-specific linkage maps spanned a total of 2402.3 cM in females and 1746.2 cM in males,highlighting a difference in sex specific recombination rate (1.38:1) which is much lower than previously reportedin Atlantic salmon. The sexes, however, displayed striking differences in the distribution of recombination siteswithin linkage groups, with males showing recombination strongly localized to telomeres.Conclusion: The map presented here represents a valuable resource for addressing important questions of interestto evolution (the process of re-diploidization), aquaculture and salmonid life history biology and not least as aresource to aid the assembly of the forthcoming Atlantic salmon reference genome sequence.
Lien et al. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:615
A Dense SNP-Based Linkage Map for Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Reveals extended Chromosome Homeologies and Striking Differences in Sex-Specific Recombination Patterns
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