Estimating the Impact of Expanded Access to Antiretroviral Therapy on Maternal, Paternal and Double Orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2009-2020

Resource type
Date created
2011
Authors/Contributors
Abstract
BACKGROUND:HIV/AIDS has orphaned 11.6 million children in sub-Saharan Africa. Expanded antiretroviral therapy (ART) use may reduce AIDS orphanhood by decreasing adult mortality and population-level HIV transmission.METHODS:We modeled two scenarios to measure the impact of adult ART use on the incidence of orphanhood in 10 sub-Saharan African countries, from 2009 to 2020. Demographic model data inputs were obtained from cohort studies, UNAIDS, UN Population Division, WHO and the US Census Bureau.RESULTS:Compared to current rates of ART uptake, universal ART access averted 4.37 million more AIDS orphans by year 2020, including 3.15 million maternal, 1.89 million paternal and 0.75 million double orphans. The number of AIDS orphans averted was highest in South Africa (901.71 thousand) and Nigeria (839.01 thousand), and lowest in Zimbabwe (86.96 thousand) and Cote d'Ivoire (109.12 thousand).CONCLUSION:Universal ART use may significantly reduce orphanhood in sub-Saharan Africa.
Document
Published as
Anema et al. AIDS Research and Therapy 2011, 8:13
http://www.aidsrestherapy.com/content/8/1/13
Publication title
AIDS Research and Therapy
Document title
Estimating the Impact of Expanded Access to Antiretroviral Therapy on Maternal, Paternal and Double Orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2009-2020
Date
2011
Volume
8
Issue
13
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Copyright is held by the author(s).
Scholarly level
Peer reviewed?
Yes
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Member of collection
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1742-6405-8-13.pdf 258.42 KB