Engineering Science - Undergraduate Final Projects

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Greg [plant care device]

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

The specialized plant monitoring and care system, Greg, will be produced by the Mndl as a solution for mid-to-large scale nursery operations. This system will be a rail-mounted watering system that will use individual sensor devices to monitor a variety of plant types and sizes by adapting itself to a rack or table that is holding many plants. As plant home care grows as a hobby, many consumers demand more exotic and unique plants to be offered by nurseries creating a need for them to stock more varieties of plants that require different and specialized care. Water is the most important need for a plant to successfully grow and remain healthy but with a large variety of plant types and sizes, gaining the experience and expertise to accurately take care of these plants take time. Greg can take care of multiple plant varieties by registering an embedded sensor device into each plotted plant that provides positional data and soil moisture levels. With the sensor data, a catered amount of water is calculated to provide for each plant and administered by an automated robotic watering head that can find specific plants with positional data and image recognition. This system will be low-cost and flexible for expansion while providing the user with accurate data and confidence in the system.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

AeroLamp

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

AeroLamp is a smart robotic desk lamp embodying a pioneering development in Natural User Interface (NUI) design. Free of remotes or controllers, AeroLamp recognizes voice inputs and the natural gestures of human hands to maneuver its robotic position and lighting properties. This unique control of mechanical movement can be achieved without the use of physical contact of any kind and represents the first of its kind in a smart lighting product. An onboard camera will be utilized for observing hand gestures and motions, providing data which will be classified and interpreted on local processing hardware. With this implementation, control is no longer constrained by user location, distance, or physical contact. The removal of physical contact is an essential step in preventing contact transmission of diseases in populous spaces, which is likely to be a societal concern following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

The Kompression Shirt

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

Heart disease is one of the world's most common illnesses, with 9 out of 10 Canadians suffering from at least 1 risk factor [1]. It is an epidemic of vast proportions that has no signs of slowing.  Kardiographic Medical Solutions is a brand new company created by four engineers from Simon Fraser University committed to finding solutions for early diagnosis and treatment of cardiac conditions. KMS plans on developing a new product capable of recording a 4-leadelectrocardiogram during rest and active states for early detection of heart abnormalities and arrhythmias. This document will present the requirements necessary for building a new body wear wellness device, Kompression; a form fitting compression shirt with an embedded EKG system.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

B-Clean [smart cleaner]

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

The CoVID-19 pandemic has affected most people and businesses. Grocery stores were one of the select few that were allowed to remain open to help feed millions of Canadians. But to ensure that people didn't get sick while shopping, grocery stores had to implement COVID-19 protocols such as ensuring customers maintain 2 meters distance and sanitize shopping carts/baskets before every use. Managers had to assign more employees to focus on applying COVID-19 protocols than do their regular jobs. This led to increased expenses while still having human errors in cleaning the baskets. Our team at SaniTech is introducing a new technology to address this issue. B-Clean is a smart machine that sanitizes the shopping baskets in grocery stores. The device is designed in a way to first recognize baskets sizes as they enter and then while they are given to the machine in a stack form it will rotate them and separate them one by one. Each basket then will get sanitized separately and finally they go through a ramp to come down one by one as a stack like it was given initially.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

IntelliChess

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

Amateurs and professionals alike are increasingly shifting to virtual chess. However, this shift to virtualization has left a void in the heart of many enthusiasts. The ‘feel’ of the game seems to be slowly fading away. With our smart chess board, IntelliChess, the user will be able to enjoy chess the way it is meant to be enjoyed with no compromise on functionality or capability. Our automated chess movement system has the incredible ability to move its own pieces which makes the user feel like he is playing against a real opponent. We also have a real time assistant that trains you to make the best move possible and identifies illegal actions. The difficulty of the computer player is also adjustable allowing new players to grow and learn at their own pace. Our companion app will display relevant information and provide a convenient portal for the user to tweak settings based on their preference. The implicit ability to recognize the chess pieces and their movement also allows us to display a duplicated virtual board for streaming worthy occasions (such as tournaments), providing an overall better experience for the fans of the game as well

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

Harp Blood Pressure Monitor

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

The blood pressure monitoring market is currently dominated by cuff-based blood pressure monitors which have numerous shortcomings. The current products are not only bulky and restrictive but they also inflate the cuffs to an uncomfortable degree while in use. This leads to the second major drawback, which is the inability to provide the user with continuous readings of their blood pressure.  Our product aims to cover those shortcomings and provide users with a more seamless blood pressure measurement experience that does not hinder their daily lives while providing accurate and continuous measurements of their blood pressure to give them better insight into their health condition. The device will be wearable and will be composed of two main subsystems: The first part is a wearable hardware subsystem which will contain the required sensors, a microcontroller, and a bluetooth module to communicate with the second subsystem. And the second main part is a software subsystem in the form of a mobile app that will receive the data from the wearable device, analyze it, and display the results to the user

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

EZSpice

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

Cooking spices are crucial and necessary in our daily life. Without various spices, chefs as well as home cooks are unable to create multiple delicious dishes.  Storing and looking for different types of spices in our kithcen is a headache, especially for those that are not frequently used.  EZSpice was developed to solve this issue. EZSpice is an intelligent machine for the kitchen.  EZSpice will dispense the desired spice with precise quantity for the consumer while they are cooking, using voice control and touch screen control.

With a simple greeting sentence “Hey EZSpice” or touching the screen, our intelligent spice dispensing machine will start serving you. With the voice commands from users, EZSpice will deliver the correct spice with the requested quantity. Given enough time of development, we believe that EZSpice will provide a convenient and affordable spice dispensing machine to the market.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

NovaBand [a programmable resistance band]

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

Elastic  resistance  bands  are  commonly  used  by  licensed  physiotherapists  to  aid  in muscle rehabilitation. Given a particular resistance band, it is observed that the force exerted by  the  band increases  linearly  as  it  is stretched  and decreases  linearly  as  the  band  is contracted. On the contrary, human muscles are only able to exert  maximal force near the midpoint of extension; minimal force is exerted when the muscle is fully flexed or extended. This  contrast  between  elastic  band  force and  human  muscle  strength  leads  to  suboptimal rehabilitation when traditional elastic bands are used. NovaBand  Solutions aims  to  address  the  disparity  between  the  elastic  band  force  and human  muscle  strength  by  better  personalizing  the rehabilitation  process. The movement that occurs during one repetition of a rehabilitation exercise will be examined and improved upon to  provide    a   custom-tailored   solution   for   individuals undergoing   muscular rehabilitation. NovaBand Solutions proposes a  programmatic resistance  band which  is precisely controlled by a physiotherapist and specialized software to best meet their individual client’s rehabilitation needs on a case-by-case basis.  This document outlines the requirements for the proposed solution during the proof-of-concept, engineering prototype,  and  production  phases  of  development.  Broad  safety  and sustainability  requirements  are  also  included.  Lastly,  an  acceptance  test  plan  is  defined  to  establish the criteria used to evaluate the product during the proof-of-concept phase.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

Retina Imager and Laser Beamer RILaB

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

livEn’s Retina Imager and Laser Beamer (RILaB), is a semi-automated control system that is able to have a clinician guide its  operation for laser eye therapies. There are many laser eye therapies that this project can apply to, such as Pan Retinal Photocoagulation (PRP) and PhotoDynamic Therapy (PDT). These therapies are currently controlled manually by ophthalmologists and clinicians. Our product aims to aid in automating and speeding up a key part of this process. This will alleviate a portion of their workload and allow medical residency students to perform these therapies themselves. To achieve this goal, livEn is creating RILaB to integrate a fundus camera, a high-powered laser, and an optical scanning mirror with our control algorithm. Our algorithm will acquire a fundus retinal image using the camera and process it to create a high-level segmentation of regions for laser treatment and healthy tissue avoidance. The regions may then be further refined and confirmed by a clinician. The appropriate regions in the patient’s retina can then be targeted by the laser using appropriate coordinates derived from our algorithm. These coordinates guide the laser beam via an optical scanning mirror. With the highest priority is on safety, we also have our algorithm decide when it is safe to fire the laser and allow the clinician to make the final call. The laser then begins titrating its firing power from low to high depending on the degree of burn needed. The control system does not consider elements such as a mounted contact lens to keep the patient’s eyes open, and head/chin rests to keep the motion of their head still. This document describes the specifications that such a device must adhere to in order to allow ophthalmologists and clinicians to perform the above functions efficiently and safely while improving the speed, efficiency, and ease of use for such a system. These specifications are grouped in terms of software, hardware, safety, sustainability, and engineering standards.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project

Roll24

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2021-04
Abstract: 

The problem for bed-bound patients is that nurses and caretakers may not be able to help the patients 24/7. Our solution fills the gap throughout the day and night and would allow for patients to be repositioned consistently during short-staffed shifts. This product is currently designed for patients in care homes and indivicaredual homes but may be subject to change. There are other similar products in the market but are very expensive [1]. Our goal is to create an affordable, adaptable option that can work for many bedbound patients.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project