School connectedness & attachment: Predicted and moderated relationships with substance use, depression, and suicidality among teens at-risk

Author: 
Date created: 
2020-12-14
Identifier: 
etd21180
Keywords: 
Adolescent
Attachment
School connectedness
Substance use
Depression
Suicidality
Abstract: 

Research has demonstrated that parent-adolescent attachment security and school connectedness are protective factors that buffer teens from risk for substance use, depression, and suicidality. However, past research has examined these factors independently, and little is known about how secure attachment and school connectedness work in conjunction to reduce adolescent risk. The present study examined the moderating role of school connectedness on the relationship between parent-adolescent attachment security and substance use, depression, and suicidality among at-risk adolescents drawn from a clinical sample (N = 480; 60.5% female; Mage = 14.86). Findings indicated that for both females and males with a secure attachment, school connectedness made a positive impact to reduce symptoms of depression and suicidality, respectively. Similarly, for males with attachment avoidance, school connectedness weakened the impact of attachment avoidance on suicidality. However, for females with attachment anxiety, school connectedness was unable to reduce symptoms of depression.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Marlene Moretti
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.
Statistics: