Prejudice, discrimination, and immunology paradigm: A critical discourse analysis of the New York Times' reports on the respective responses to COVID-19 by China and Italy

Author: 
Date created: 
2020-08-31
Identifier: 
etd21102
Keywords: 
Critical discourse analysis
COVID-19
Framing analysis
The New York Times
Immunology
Abstract: 

During the COVID-19 outbreak, mainstream U.S. news agencies reported on different countries' responses to COVID-19. However, these articles often politicalize and racialize the healthcare issue. In this study, I ask how The New York Times (NYT) presents China's coronavirus responses and why through a comparative analysis. Specifically, I conduct a frame analysis and critical discourse analysis on 122 NYT news and opinion articles on China's and Italy's respective coronavirus responses between January and March 2020. My main finding is that the NYT depicts China negatively and presents Italy positively through simplified generalizations. I further explain that the othering process of China in the NYT reports demonstrates an immunology discrimination process in which news serves as a social immune system in the U.S. context.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Yuezhi Zhao
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.
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