Cultural Differences in Infant Spontaneous Behaviour: Evidence From a Small-Scale, Rural Island Society

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Graduate student (PhD)
Final version published as: 

Aime, H., Rochat, P., & Broesch, T. (2020). Cultural differences in infant spontaneous behaviour: Evidence from a small-scale, rural island society. Infant and Child Development, n/a(n/a), e2204. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.2204.

Date created: 
2020-09-28
Identifier: 
DOI: 10.1002/icd.2204
Keywords: 
Activity
Attention
Culture
Infancy
Abstract: 

We examined infant activity level and attention in 45 eight‐month‐old infants (mean age 8.8, SD = 2.07) living in two diverse socio‐cultural contexts: rural island societies in the South Pacific and urban Western societies in North America. Infants and mothers were observed for 10 minutes in a face‐to‐face interaction and later coded for the frequency of infants' motor movements and gaze shifts. Results indicate that infants in urban North American societies produced more frequent motor movements and gaze shifts compared to infants in rural, island societies in Oceania. We interpret these discrepancies as reflecting differences in social experience, ecological niches as well as physiological experiences. These findings highlight the complex interplay of development and experience early in life.

Description: 

The full text of this paper will be available in September, 2021 due to the embargo policies of Infant and Child Development. Contact summit@sfu.ca to enquire if the full text of the accepted manuscript can be made available to you.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
Rights: 
Rights remain with the authors.
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