The Prevalence of Sexual and Gender Minority Youth in the Justice System: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Graduate student (Masters)
Final version published as: 

Jonnson, M. R., Bird, B. M., Li, S. M. Y., & Viljoen, J. L. (2019). The Prevalence of Sexual and Gender Minority Youth in the Justice System: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 46(7), 999–1019. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854819848803

Date created: 
2019
Identifier: 
DOI: 10.1177/0093854819848803
Keywords: 
Juvenile justice
Gender
Ethnicity
Adolescence
Youth
Stress
Stigma
Meta-analysis
Abstract: 

Theoretical models, such as the minority stress model, suggest that sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth may be overrepresented in the justice system. However, few studies have examined rates of SGM youth in the system, and even fewer have compared them with rates of these youth in the broader community. To obtain a more accurate estimate, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 31,258 youths and compared rates of SGM youth in the justice system with those in the community. Contrary to claims that SGM youth are overrepresented generally, this review suggests that sexual minority girls, specifically, are disproportionally involved in the justice system. Rates of involvement appeared to differ across ethnic subgroups of sexual minority youth, and evidence is inconclusive regarding the prevalence of gender minority youth in the system. Implications of these findings for researchers and justice system professionals are discussed.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
Rights: 
Rights remain with the authors.
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