Comparing Ambiguities: Municipalities, Francophone Minority Communities, and Immigration in Canada

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Faculty/Staff
Final version published as: 

Fourot, Aude-Claire. 2021. Comparing Ambiguities: Municipalities, Francophone Minority Communities, and Immigration in Canada, Canadian Journal of Political Science

Date created: 
2020-09-23
Keywords: 
Ambiguities
Policy making
Governance of immigration
Municipalities
Francophone minority communities
Local turn
Abstract: 

This article analyses the implication of municipal governments and civil society actors in immigration through multilevel and collaborative governance arrangements. It argues that studying the roles of ambiguities is critical to understanding the activism of political entities with ill-defined status and mandates, such as municipalities and Francophone minority communities. This research adds to the literature on the “local turn” in highlighting that ambiguities are both a condition —i.e., a driver that makes collaborative and multilevel arrangements work—and an outcome of collaboration practices, characterized by ambiguities regarding the balance of power, the aims of collaboration in a competitive sector, and by conflicting forms of accountabilities. The article identifies three approaches that actors use to deal with these ambiguities in a context where resources are not equitably distributed and where the role of the federal government is critical. In this configuration, municipalities and FMCs develop adaptive, rather than transformative, approaches to ambiguities.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
Rights: 
Rights remain with the author.
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