An investigation of profiles of polysubstance use in homeless & precariously housed individuals

Author: 
Date created: 
2020-07-02
Identifier: 
etd20942
Keywords: 
Polysubstance use
Neurocognition
Everyday functioning
Comorbidities
Precarious housing
Memory
Processing speed
Executive function
Cluster analysis
Abstract: 

Despite the prevalence of polysubstance use among homeless and precariously housed persons, the cognitive and functional consequences of substance use patterns are poorly understood. This may be due in part to the limitations of existing work that attempts to isolate substances (e.g. methodologically or statistically) or lacks granularity (e.g. cross-sectional or lacking frequency of use). As such, this study aimed to improve upon past work by evaluating naturally occurring patterns of polysubstance use longitudinally. Using cluster analysis, this study revealed three validated substance use profiles: Frequent Heroin with Moderate Methamphetamine Use, Frequent Cannabis Use, and Infrequent to Moderate Polysubstance Use. Mixed general linear models indicated that the use profiles were not associated with differences in cognitive trajectory or capacity, however, persons engaged in frequent use showed poorer social and occupational functioning compared to a moderate use group. Implications are discussed.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Allen Thornton
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.
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