The Murray dyke swarm and its bearing on Cretaceous magmatism and tectonics in the Canadian Cordillera

Author: 
Date created: 
2020-04-17
Identifier: 
etd20897
Keywords: 
Dyke swarm
Volcanism
Magmatism
Slab break-off
Tectonics
North American Cordillera
Abstract: 

The Murray dyke swarm fed the Spences Bridge Group, part of an Early Cretaceous continental arc overlapping the Intermontane terranes. Dykes are well-exposed in a 2x10 km area and strike to the north in a sheeted morphology, consistent with an extensional stress regime and rapid emplacement at 103.7 Ma, based on 40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb geochronology. Dyke compositions range from mafic to felsic. Dykes correspond to three petrological types unrelated through fractional crystallization, reflecting distinct mantle-derived melts that subsequently evolved to various degrees. Two types were generated by flux-melting above a steep slab; the other reflects infiltration of the arc by intraplate-composition melts generated during slab break-off. Subsequent southwest-verging contraction folded the Spences Bridge Group and inverted its forearc basin to the west, shedding detritus that lapped onto the Group with angular unconformity. This evolution is consistent with accretion of the Insular terranes by east-dipping subduction, triggering orogenesis in the mid-Cretaceous.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
Senior supervisor: 
Derek Thorkelson
Department: 
Science: Department of Earth Sciences
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.
Statistics: