A comparison of accuracy in old versus new memory reports across interview techniques: Which technique elicits the most accurate reports?

Author: 
Date created: 
2020-03-27
Identifier: 
etd20766
Keywords: 
Long-term memory
Interview techniques
Mental context reinstatement
Eye closure
Accuracy
Abstract: 

The present study was designed to investigate reports of old and new memories with eye-closure and mental context reinstatement interview techniques. Seventy-eight undergraduate students were asked to recall a scene from a movie that they had seen two years ago and from a movie they had seen up to one week ago. Memory reports were coded for narrative breadth details, general and specific details, and accuracy. Results indicated that in comparison to new reports, old reports contained proportionately fewer conversation details, fewer object details, and proportionately more setting/circumstance details. New reports contained proportionally more specific details than old reports. Old reports were also shown to be generally accurate overall, however, less accurate in comparison to new reports. Mental context reinstatement was helpful in enhancing accuracy for old memory reports, while no effects were found for eye-closure.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Deborah Connolly
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.
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