A Proposed Mechanism of the Influence of Gold Nanoparticles on DNA Hybridization

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Faculty/Staff
Final version published as: 

"A Proposed Mechanism of the Influence of Gold Nanoparticles on DNA Hybridization," Sedighi, A.; Li, P.C.H.,* Pekcevik, I.C.; Gates, B.D., ACS Nano, 2014, 8(7), 6765-6777. DOI: 10.1021/nn500790m.

Date created: 
2014-06-25
Keywords: 
DNA hybridization and dehybridization
Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)
Single base-pair discrimination
NanoBioArray (NBA) chip
Abstract: 

A combination of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and nucleic acids has been used in biosensing applications. However, there is a poor fundamental understanding of how gold nanoparticle surfaces influence the DNA hybridization process. Here, we measured the rate constants of the hybridization and dehybridization of DNA on gold nanoparticle surfaces to enable the determination of activation parameters using transition state theory. We show that the target bases need to be detached from the gold nanoparticle surfaces before zipping. This causes a shift of the rate-limiting step of hybridization to the mismatch-sensitive zipping step. Furthermore, our results propose that the binding of gold nanoparticles to the single-stranded DNA segments (commonly known as bubbles) in the duplex DNA stabilizes the bubbles and accelerates the dehybridization process. We employ the proposed mechanism of DNA hybridization/dehybridization to explain the ability of 5 nm diameter gold nanoparticles to help discriminate between single base-pair mismatched DNA molecules when performed in a NanoBioArray chip. The mechanistic insight into the DNA–gold nanoparticle hybridization/dehybridization process should lead to the development of new biosensors.

A combination of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and nucleic acids has been used in biosensing applications. However, there is a poor fundamental understanding of how gold nanoparticle surfaces influence the DNA hybridization process. Here, we measured the rate constants of the hybridization and dehybridization of DNA on gold nanoparticle surfaces to enable the determination of activation parameters using transition state theory. We show that the target bases need to be detached from the gold nanoparticle surfaces before zipping. This causes a shift of the rate-limiting step of hybridization to the mismatch-sensitive zipping step. Furthermore, our results propose that the binding of gold nanoparticles to the single-stranded DNA segments (commonly known as bubbles) in the duplex DNA stabilizes the bubbles and accelerates the dehybridization process. We employ the proposed mechanism of DNA hybridization/dehybridization to explain the ability of 5 nm diameter gold nanoparticles to help discriminate between single base-pair mismatched DNA molecules when performed in a NanoBioArray chip. The mechanistic insight into the DNA–gold nanoparticle hybridization/dehybridization process should lead to the development of new biosensors.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
Rights: 
Rights remain with the authors.
File(s): 
Statistics: