Implications of HIV-1 Nef for “Shock and Kill” Strategies to Eliminate Latent Viral Reservoirs

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Graduate student (PhD)
Final version published as: 

Kuang, X.T.; Brockman, M.A. Implications of HIV-1 Nef for “Shock and Kill” Strategies to Eliminate Latent Viral Reservoirs. Viruses 2018, 10, 677.

Date created: 
2018-11-30
Keywords: 
HIV-1
Nef
Viral latency
Shock and kill
Abstract: 

Finding a cure for HIV is challenging because the virus is able to integrate itself into the host cell genome and establish a silent state, called latency, allowing it to evade antiviral drugs and the immune system. Various “shock and kill” strategies are being explored in attempts to eliminate latent HIV reservoirs. The goal of these approaches is to reactivate latent viruses (“shock”), thereby exposing them to clearance by viral cytopathic effects or immune-mediated responses (“kill”). To date, there has been limited clinical success using these methods. In this review, we highlight various functions of the HIV accessory protein Nef and discuss their double-edged effects that may contribute to the limited effectiveness of current “shock and kill” methods to eradicate latent HIV reservoirs in treated individuals.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
File(s): 
Sponsor(s): 
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Canadian HIV Cure Enterprise (CanCURE)
Bench to Bed Enhanced Lymphocyte Infusion to Engineer Viral Eradication (BELIEVE)
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