Pappa2 Deletion Has Sex- and Age-Specific Effects on Bone in Mice

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Faculty/Staff
Final version published as: 

Christians, J., Amiri, N., Schipilow, J., Zhang, S., & May-Rashke, K. (2018). Pappa2 deletion has sex- and age-specific effects on bone in mice. Growth Hormone & IGF Research : Official Journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society, 44, 6-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ghir.2018.10.006

Date created: 
2018-10-31
Keywords: 
Bone
Insulin-like growth factor
IGF
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein
IGFBP
Pappalysin
PAPP-A2
Abstract: 

Objective

In humans, loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding pregnancy-associated pregnancy protein-A2 cause short stature and slightly reduced bone density. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of Pappa2 deletion on bone in mice.

Design

Pappa2 deletion mice and littermate controls were culled at 10, 19 or 30 weeks of age and femurs were analysed by micro-computed tomography. Serum markers of bone turnover and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 5 (IGFBP-5), a proteolytic target of PAPP-A2, were measured by ELISA.

Results

At 10 and 19 weeks of age, Pappa2 deletion mice had slightly reduced trabecular parameters, but by 19 weeks of age, female deletion mice had increased cortical tissue mineral density, and this trait was increased by a small amount in deletion mice of both sexes at 30 weeks. Cortical area fraction was increased in Pappa2 deletion mice at all ages. Deletion of Pappa2 increased circulating IGFBP-5 levels and reduced markers of bone turnover (PINP and TRACP 5b).

Conclusions

PAPP-A2 contributes to the regulation of bone structure and mass in mice, likely through control of IGFBP-5 levels. The net effect of changes in bone formation and resorption depend on sex and age, and differ between trabecular and cortical bone

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
Rights: 
Rights remain with the authors.
File(s): 
Sponsor(s): 
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Merck Canada
SFU Training of Aboriginal Youth in Biomedical Labs (TAYBL) Program
Statistics: