A pilot randomized controlled trial of exercise to improve walking energetics among older adults with mobility limitation: The HealthySteps Study

Date created: 
2017-07-11
Identifier: 
etd10218
Keywords: 
Older adults
Mobility
Energy cost of walking
Fatigability
Exercise
Randomized controlled trial
Abstract: 

Mobility is a fundamental component of healthy aging; however, mobility limitation is a prevalent, energetically costly problem among older adults. We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial to compare the effects of two, 12-week exercise interventions (timing and coordination, TC; aerobic walking, AW) to an active control (stretching and relaxation; SR) on outcomes related to mobility among community-dwelling older adults with mobility limitation (n=72). At 12 weeks, TC reduced mean energy cost of walking by 13-15% versus SR. Among those with high baseline cost, TC reduced mean energy cost by 20-26% versus SR. Reductions were maintained at 24-week follow-up. AW had no effect at 12 or 24 weeks. Fatigability, daily physical activity, endurance, physical function, and life-space mobility did not change with TC or AW versus SR at 12 or 24 weeks. In summary, 12 weeks of TC, but not AW, improved walking economy among older adults with mobility limitation.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
This thesis may be printed or downloaded for non-commercial research and scholarly purposes. Copyright remains with the author.
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Dawn Mackey
Department: 
Science: Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.
Statistics: